Medically assisted procreation offers a context in which the polluting potentialities of sperm are managed and maybe even neutralized, as well as a set of intermediary rituals that reestablish the physical and social boundaries of the lesbian couple.
Yet, homophobia at school is an important topic 8 and these children are at risk of being stigmatized Goffman, Gross, Ramonville-Saint-Agne, Érès, p.
This legal reform sparked considerable debate in Quebecois academic circles, resonating in francophone Europe. See also: Legal aspects of transsexualism. In most of these studies, surrogacy appears as the least common way of gaining access to fatherhood, because of its costliness and, sometimes, because of its prohibition.